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Scoliosis

The Non-Operative Management of Scoliosis

Teaser: 

Brett Rocos, BSc (Hons), MB ChB, MD, FRCS (Tr & Orth),

Paediatric Spine Fellow, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, ON.

CLINICAL TOOLS

Abstract:Scoliosis is a common condition that every primary care provider will encounter. There are many treatments available in its management, including observation, physical therapy, pain management strategies, casting, bracing and surgery. In this narrative review, the roles of each of the non-operative strategies in managing adult and paediatric scoliosis are explored, and the evidence supporting each is summarised. Scoliosis affects people at every stage of life, and an understanding of the treatments available will aid in counselling patients and making appropriate referrals.
Key Words: Scoliosis, conservative, paediatric, bracing, physiotherapy, alternative therapies, spine cast.

Members of the College of Family Physicians of Canada may claim MAINPRO-M2 Credits for this unaccredited educational program.

www.cfpc.ca/Mainpro_M2

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• Scoliosis is common
• Most patients require observation only
• Patient information is essential
• Casting and bracing have roles in the growing skeleton only
• Physical therapy has limited evidence in both adult and paediatric deformity
• Alternative therapies have no proven use in the management of scoliosis
The majority of patients with scoliosis can be observed
Reliable patient information is critical
There is limited evidence that physiotherapy is effective, and no evidence that alternative therapies are effective in treating scoliosis
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The Role of Screening and Brace Management for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

Teaser: 

Kedar Padhye, MBBS, DNB (Ortho), 1Reza Ojaghi, MD, 2Fábio Ferri-de-Barros, MD, MSc, FSBOT, FSBOP (Hon.), FRCSC, FCS(ECSA),3

1 Clinical Fellow (Pediatric Spine Surgery)Division of Paediatric Surgery, Section of Orthopaedic Surgery, Alberta Children's Hospital, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta.
2Orthopaedic Surgery Resident, Department of Orthopedics, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario.
3 Department of Orthopedics, Alberta Children's Hospital, Calgary, Alberta.

CLINICAL TOOLS

Abstract: Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) is defined as curvature of spine in the coronal plane with a Cobb angle of more than 10°. AIS affects 1-3% of children younger than 16 years of age. Less than 20% of those children will progress to severe deformity requiring interventions. Screening with clinical examination and selective radiographic assessment seems to be a cost-effective approach to filter specialist referrals but current literature is controversial. Evidence supports brace management of AIS for skeletally immature patients with primary scoliosis measuring 25°–40. The risk reduction for progression to the surgical range (deformity greater than 50 degrees) is 56%. Timely diagnosis and evidence-based brace management of AIS seem likely to reduce the surgical burden. The implementation of screening guidelines at the primary care level is a critical step.
Key Words: scoliosis; idiopathic; Brace treatment; conservative treatment; screening.

Members of the College of Family Physicians of Canada may claim MAINPRO-M2 Credits for this unaccredited educational program.

www.cfpc.ca/Mainpro_M2

You can take quizzes without subscribing; however, your results will not be stored. Subscribers will have access to their quiz results for future reference.

Bracing is an effective but time sensitive intervention for managing AIS in skeletally immature patients with primary scoliosis measuring 25 to 40 degrees.
Clinical screening is required to identify AIS patients who eligible for bracing.
Improving access to bracing for eligible patients requires a collaborative approach involving primary care physicians and specialists.
1. A systematic collaborative approach involving primary care physicians for screening patients and referring to tertiary care ensures timely assessment and management for eligible patients.
2. Evidence supports brace management of AIS for skeletally immature patients with primary scoliosisl measuring 25°–40°, with the goal of preventing deformity progression to the surgical threshold.
3. A full time (18-23h/day) rigid brace treatment may mitigate the surgical burden of AIS by approximately 30%.
To have access to full article that these tools were developed for, please subscribe. The cost to subscribe is only $20 USD per year and you will gain full access to all the premium content on www.healthplexus.net, an educational portal, that hosts 1000s of clinical reviews, case studies, educational visual aids and more as well as within the mobile app.
Disclaimer: 
Disclaimer at the end of each page