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Chronic Neuropathic Pain in Primary Care—The Role of Neuromodulation

Teaser: 

Philippe Magown, MD CM, PhD, FRCSC,

Caleo Health, Calgary, Alberta.

CLINICAL TOOLS

Abstract: Neuropathic pain is a severe pain condition characterized by burning, tingling, or lancinating pain in the distribution of a nerve, dermatome, or sclerotome and affects patient function, quality of life, mood, and employment. Neuropathic pain is generally refractory to pain medications but amenable to gabapentinoids and antidepressants. When neuropathic pain is refractory to conservative medical management, neuromodulation is the next strategy. Neuromodulation is the modulation of neural signals, most commonly performed with electrical stimulation, such as spinal cord stimulation. Spinal cord stimulation can provide clinically significant pain relief, improve quality of life and function for neuropathic pain conditions such as failed back surgery syndrome, complex regional pain syndrome, painful diabetic neuropathy, and refractory angina.
Key Words: Spinal cord stimulation, failed back surgery syndrome, complex regional pain syndrome, painful diabetic neuropathy, refractory angina.

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1. Neuromodulation outcomes for neuropathic pain are best if performed early upon confirmation of pain refractoriness to multimodal and multi-pharmacological management.
2. Level 1 and 2 evidences support the use of neuromodulation for neuropathic pain conditions such as failed back surgery syndrome, complex regional pain syndrome, painful diabetic neuropathy, and refractory angina.
3. Neuromodulation can provide 50% or more pain relief in a significant proportion of patients with neuropathic pain conditions refractory to pharmacotherapy.
1. Neuropathic pain is a severe pain condition along a nerve, dermatome, or sclerotome that is characterized by burning, lancinating, prickling, or shocking-like pain generally refractory to pain medications.
2. Neuropathic pain refractory to four or more pharmacological agents among TCAs, SNRIs, gabapentinoids, and tramadol can benefit from neuromodulation, even more so if performed within two years of onset.
3. Neuromodulation can provide 50% or more pain relief in a significant proportion of patients with failed back surgery syndrome, complex regional pain syndrome, painful diabetic neuropathy, and refractory angina.
A successful back school educates the patient about the benign nature of back pain and provides the tools to transfer knowledge about back hygiene into practice in the patient's life.
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JCCC 2017 Issue 6

Table of Contents

Planning for the Future: Expected and Unexpected

Author(s): 
Deck: 
For those of us who are planners, it seems perfectly natural to anticipate the possibilities of the future...
Thumbnail Image: 
Teaser: 

My late father, an engineer whose expertise was motor vehicles, drummed into me the importance of timely oil changes—which I do to this day: it is an almost obsession with me.

Section: 

The Need for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Screening: A Wake-Up Call to Physicians

The Need for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Screening: A Wake-Up Call to Physicians

Teaser: 

Sharon A. Chung, PhD1and Colin M. Shapiro, MBBCh, PhD, MRCPsych, FRCP(C)1-3

1Youthdale Treatment Centres, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. 2International Sleep Clinic, Parry Sound, Canada and the 3University of Toronto, Department of Psychiatry, Canada.

CLINICAL TOOLS

Abstract: Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA), where patients stop breathing numerous times during sleep, is a disorder linked to serious medical, socioeconomic, and psychological morbidity, yet most patients with OSA remain undetected. Physicians should consider symptoms of frequent/loud snoring, complaints of daytime sleepiness or fatigue, high blood pressure and obesity or excessive body fat distribution in the neck or upper chest area as possible indications of untreated OSA.
Key Words: obstructive sleep apnea, screening, management.
Untreated OSA is associated with significant morbidity and mortality and results in increased healthcare utilization.
OSA is more prevalent in individuals with a chronic medical illness.
Almost 90% of individuals with OSA remain undiagnosed.
Treatment of OSA improves medical outcome; this is particularly relevant in medically ill patients.
Evidence-based medicine supports screening for OSA as part of routine clinical care.
Newer technology allows doctors to 'skip the waiting line' and obtain quick and accurate sleep testing for their patients.
To have access to full article that these tools were developed for, please subscribe. The cost to subscribe is only $20 USD per year and you will gain full access to all the premium content on www.healthplexus.net, an educational portal, that hosts 1000s of clinical reviews, case studies, educational visual aids and more as well as within the mobile app.
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Disclaimer at the end of each page

JCCC 2017 Issue 7

Table of Contents

JCCC 2017 Issue 5

Table of Contents