Osteoporosis is a skeletal disease characterized by impaired bone strength and an increased risk of fragility fracture. Effective screening should be aimed at evaluating risk factors for osteoporosis with identification of individuals at risk, allowing for intervention prior to fragility fracture. This article presents an overview of the risk factors for fracture in men and women and the integration of these factors in various models, enabling an assessment of the 10-year fracture risk. Through effective screening, early identification, and early intervention with pharmacological therapy of osteoporosis, significant impact can be made on reducing fragility fracture incidence, thereby alleviating the economic and clinical costs to our health care system.
Key words: osteoporosis, screening, risk factors, diagnosis, FRAX.