David Fitchett, MD, FRCP(C), St Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON.
The incidence of coronary heart disease increases with advancing age. Although older patients may develop classical symptoms of ischemic heart disease, other symptoms such as dyspnea, syncope, and fatigue are often the dominant presenting features of angina and myocardial infarction. The present discussion aims to heighten awareness of the atypical nature of myocardial ischemic symptoms in the older adult and to suggest a structured approach to facilitate achieving a more accurate diagnosis.
Key words: chest pain, myocardial ischemia, dyspnea, coronary artery disease, infarction.