Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is an uncommon disease with significant consequences. Since the 1950s, major strides in understanding its etiology and pathogenesis have led to improved management and patient survival. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is associated with various mutations in several cardiac sarcomeric genes. Due to the complications of HCM, such as left ventricular outflow tract obstruction, diastolic dysfunction, arrhythmias, increased risk of stroke, infective endocarditis, and, most importantly, sudden cardiac death, appropriate and timely diagnosis is critical. This review summarizes current knowledge about HCM and the most appropriate investigations for persons suspected of having HCM. Treatment strategies for the disease and its complications are presented briefly.
Key words: hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, cardiomyopathy, sudden cardiac death, older adults.