Among older adults, aspiration pneumonia is associated with higher rates of morbidity and mortality than community-acquired pneumonia. Individuals admitted to acute care from continuing care facilities are at increased risk for aspiration pneumonia. Risk factor assessment forms a cornerstone in diagnosing aspiration pneumonia syndromes. Monitoring for timely clinical response to therapy and for potential complications is an important step in the care of patients with aspiration pneumonia. Further high-quality research is needed to better delineate the effects of risk factor modification on the incidence of aspiration pneumonia. Aiming to prevent aspiration pneumonia poses health care providers with an opportunity for ongoing development, study, and implementation of preventive strategies for older adults.
Key words: aspiration, pneumonia, older adults, geriatric, risk factor.